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經濟學人:氣候問題(1)

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Leaders

來源于《社論》版塊
The climate issue
氣候問題
Climate change touches everything this newspaper reports on. It must be tackled urgently and clear-headedly
氣候變化關系到本刊所報道的一切。這一問題必須迫切而清醒地加以解決
From one year to the next, you cannot feel the difference. As the decades stack up, though, the story becomes clear. The stripes on our cover represent the world’s average temperature in every year since the mid-19th century. Dark blue years are cooler and red ones warmer than the average in 1971-2000. The cumulative change jumps out. The world is about 1℃ hotter than when this newspaper was young. To represent this span of human history as a set of simple stripes may seem reductive. These are years which saw world wars, technological innovation, trade on an unprecedented scale and a staggering creation of wealth. But those complex histories and the simplifying stripes share a common cause. The changing climate of the planet and the remarkable growth in human numbers and riches both stem from the combustion of billions of tonnes of fossil fuel to produce industrial power, electricity, transport, heating and, more recently, computation.
從一年到下一年,你感覺不到差別。然而,隨著時間的推移,事情變得越來越清楚。封面上的條紋代表了自19世紀中葉以來每年的全球平均氣溫。深藍色年份比1971-2000年的平均年份更冷,紅色年份更熱。累積變化會跳出來。現在的世界比本刊剛創立的時候溫度要高1攝氏度。用一組簡單的條紋來代表人類歷史的這段時間似乎有些簡化。這幾年見證了世界大戰、技術創新、空前規模的貿易和驚人的財富創造。但是這些復雜的歷史和簡化的條紋有一個共同的原因。地球氣候的變化,以及人類數量和財富的顯著增長,都源于數十億噸化石燃料的燃燒,這些燃料用于生產工業動力、電力、交通、供暖,以及最近的計算。
All around us
我們身邊的一切

The climate issue.jpg

That the changing climate touches everything and everyone should be obvious—as it should be that the poor and marginalised have most to lose when the weather turns against them. What is less obvious, but just as important, is that, because the processes that force climate change are built into the foundations of the world economy and of geopolitics, measures to check climate change have to be similarly wide-ranging and all-encompassing. To decarbonise an economy is not a simple subtraction; it requires a near-complete overhaul.

氣候變化影響著一切,影響著每一個人,這一點應該是顯而易見的——當天氣對窮人和邊緣人群不利時,他們的損失應該是最大的。不那么明顯但同樣重要的是,由于推動氣候變化的過程已成為世界經濟和地緣政治的基礎,遏制氣候變化的措施必須同樣廣泛和全面。經濟脫碳不是簡單的減法;這需要近乎徹底的改革。
To some—including many of the millions of young idealists who, as The Economist went to press, were preparing for a global climate strike, and many of those who will throng the streets of New York during next week’s un General Assembly—this overhaul requires nothing less than the gelding or uprooting of capitalism. After all, the system grew up through the use of fossil fuels in ever-greater quantities. And the market economy has so far done very little to help. Almost half the atmosphere’s extra, human- made carbon dioxide was put there after the turn of the 1990s, when scientists sounded the alarm and governments said they would act.
對一些人來說——包括《經濟學人》付印時正在為全球氣候罷工做準備的數百萬年輕理想主義者中的許多人,以及下周聯合國大會期間將涌上紐約街頭的許多人——這種改革只需要把資本主義趕出或鏟除。畢竟,這個系統是通過使用越來越多的化石燃料發展起來的。到目前為止,市場經濟也沒有提供多少幫助。20世紀90年代初,科學家拉響了警報,各國政府表示將采取行動,之后,大氣中幾乎一半的、人為制造的、額外的二氧化碳被排放到大氣中。

譯文由可可原創,僅供學習交流使用,未經許可請勿轉載。

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
obvious ['ɔbviəs]

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adj. 明顯的,顯然的

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combustion [kəm'bʌstʃən]

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n. 燃燒

 
overhaul [.əuvə'hɔ:l]

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vt. 仔細檢查,翻修,趕上 n. 徹底檢查,全面檢修

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unprecedented [ʌn'presidəntid]

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adj. 空前的,前所未有的

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transport [træns'pɔ:t]

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n. 運輸、運輸工具;(常用復數)強烈的情緒(狂喜或狂怒

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span [spæn]

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n. 跨度,跨距,間距
vt. 橫跨,貫穿,估

 
innovation [.inəu'veiʃən]

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n. 創新,革新

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strike [straik]

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n. 罷工,打擊,毆打
v. 打,撞,罷工,劃

 
temperature ['tempritʃə(r)]

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n. 溫度,氣溫,體溫,發燒

 
produce [prə'dju:s]

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n. 產品,農作物
vt. 生產,提出,引起,

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